The third installment in URC Psalmody’s Introduction to the URC/OPC Psalm Proposal
Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why are you so disturbed in me?
Trust God, for I will praise Him yet;
My Savior and my God is He.
If you happen to compare Psalms 42B and 42C in the Psalm Proposal, you may notice that their texts and tunes are interchangeable—you can easily sing one set of words to the other melody. That’s because these two versifications share the same meter, or poetic structure. But while selection C (taken straight out of the blue Psalter Hymnal) only treats vv. 1-5 of Psalm 42, selection B is a new and complete versification from Sing Psalms. The text is nicely complemented with the American folk tune O WALY WALY.
Singing Psalm 42B requires special attention not to let the extremely long melody notes sag. For a unique effect consider singing the tune (in unison) as a round, with one half of the congregation beginning a measure ahead of the other half. This musical technique is particularly appropriate for the question-and-answer motifs of Psalm 42.
- 3/1: stanzas 1,2, 5
- 3/8: stanzas 3-5
- 3/15: stanzas 6-8
- 3/22: stanzas 8-11
- 3/29: all
Source: Psalm 42 in Sing Psalms; see also Psalm 42C in The Book of Psalms for Worship
Themes for Studying Psalm 42
- “When shall I come and appear before God?” (vv. 1,2)
- “Where is your God?” (vv. 3,4)
- “Why are you cast down?” (v. 5)
- “Why have you forgotten me?” (vv. 6-9)
- “Where is your God?” (v. 10)
- “Why are you cast down?” (v. 11)
Seeing Christ in Psalm 42
“I thirst,” said Jesus as he hung on the cross (John 19:28). The sour wine his crucifiers gave him calls to mind Psalm 69:21, but surely Jesus felt more than physical thirst in his anguish. In words reminiscent of Psalm 42:3, the watching crowd jeered, “He trusts in God; let God deliver him now” (Matt. 27:43). As he experienced utter separation from the Lord’s favor, Jesus must have thirsted for God spiritually “as a deer pants for flowing streams” (Psalm 42:1). Truly all of God’s breakers and waves went over him (v. 7), but God also raised him up for our justification.
Through Christ we have access to living water welling up to eternal life (John 4:14), and we have this promise: “the Lamb in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd, and he will guide them to springs of living water, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes” (Revelation 7:17). Hope in God, your Rock and Savior!
Applying Psalm 42
- What water-related images does the psalmist use to portray his affliction (e.g. vv. 1, 7)? Which ones are most vivid to you?
- Does frequent absence from God’s house of worship grieve you (v. 4)?
- Do the breakers and waves of v. 7 indicate God’s absence or his presence?
- In times of affliction, how would you answer the challenge, “Where is your God” (v. 10)?
Note well that the main hope and chief desire of [the psalmist] rest in the smile of God. His face is what he seeks and hopes to see, and this will recover his low spirits, this will put to scorn his laughing enemies, this will restore to him all the joys of those holy and happy days around which memory lingers. This is grand cheer. This verse, like the singing of Paul and Silas, looses chains and shakes prison walls.
—Charles Spurgeon on Psalm 42:5
West Sayville URC
Long Island, New York
(A PDF version of this post, formatted as a bulletin insert, is available here.)